The History of Hittites ( BC. 1650 - 1200 )
The period of Assyrian Trade Colonies made it possible for new social and political opinions to emerge. The concept of central government, as it did in Mesopotamia, started to develop in Anatolia which was governed by new princes. The Hitttites, who were Indo-European, mixed with the native population after stepping Anatolia through Caucasus in BC 3000.
Hittites took the control after Assyrians had to evacuate Anatolia. They mixed with native population of Anatolia and established Hitttites Government. The founder of this state is Labarna. The capital is Boğazköy- Hattis.
The history Hittites can be categorized in two groups : first is the old Kingdom between BC 1650-1450 and the second is the Hittites Empire Period between BC 1450-1200. Hittites attacked Syria after establishing their sovereignty in Anatolia. They also signed the first written treaty called Kadeş Treaty in BC 1269 after the war with Egyptians in BC 1274. Since the foundation of Hittites, the Mesopatamian notions in arts disappeared and integrated with Anatolian native arts. The big size monumental pieces started to appear in arts. Temples, palaces, social structures, stone reliefs and orthostats are different from the former arts. Hittites collapsed after the Sea Migration Period (Barbarian Invasion) and the attack of Kaskade Tribes from the north.